The second morning of the SFI conference began with a discussion about “Advancing Sustainability in the Bioenergy Sector.” The question addressed by the panelists is how to meet growing demand for biomass feedstock, like wood pellets, while ensuring good forestry.
Both panelists highlighted the growing international demand for biomass feedstock and the challenge of meeting trade regulations and standards in Europe. Certification can be a part of meeting those regulations, demonstrating that wood used for renewable energy comes from a sustainably managed forest.
Panelists for the discussion were:
- Dr. Charles Tattersall Smith, an SFI board member and former Dean of the school of Forestry at the University of Toronto.
- Elizabeth Woodworth, the Director of Marketing and Communications at Enviva LP, a bioenergy company.
Discussing biomass in the context of reducing overall carbon emissions, Dr. Smith noted that the potential for using biomass is quite large. This is a global issue because there is significant trade in wood pellets for biomass around the world. This trade creates a challenge for suppliers who may face trade barriers in the EU and elsewhere, where they may require sources of biomass that are certified sustainable.
Smith highlighted a survey of those in the biomass sector asking about various efforts to ensure biomass is acquired responsibly. The results showed that nearly two-thirds of respondents said voluntary, certification systems were “essential to ensure sustainability.” Certification serves not only to ensure sustainability but also to help navigate a very complex system of regulations and markets. The results, Dr. Smith argued, demonstrate that certification systems can contribute to harmonization of these various demands and standards.
Enviva is a biomass energy company that produces wood pellets for distribution to Europe and elsewhere. In 2011, they became the world’s largest producer of solid biomass resources. Demand for biomass is driven by a range of regulations, including a mandate that Europe source 20 percent of its energy from renewables, like biomass. Biomass is a key part of this because it is relatively inexpensive to switch from coal to biomass, rather than deal with the infrastructure and other costs of transmission associated with intermittent sources of energy like wind and solar. As a result, demand for wood pellets is expected to increase fivefold in the next 10 years.
While Europe sees biomass from the United Sates as a good source of renewable energy, it is difficult to document sustainability without a certification.
The challenge in the United States is that regulations are uneven and inconsistent. States have different definitions of what counts as “renewable,” making the market more difficult to navigate.
She argued that SFI can help provide documentation for sustainable practices that meet the concerns about sustainable sources of bioenergy.